The 2019 World Food day theme has urged families across the
world to be careful on how they handle food and maintain a healthy died to
achieve zero hunger.
According to UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO),
most families have shifted away from eating a healthy diet to diets that are
high in refined starches, sugar, fats, salt, processed foods, meat and other
animal-source products from supermarkets and restaurants.
Due to limited time spent at home, most families have resorted
to this food, which are not plant-based and fiber-rich, avoiding self-preparation
of meals at home.
This year’s theme is specific at two things, healthy diet
and hunger, but how can we achieve this.
FAO delimits that a healthy diet is one that meets the
nutritional needs of individuals by providing sufficient, safe, nutritious and
diverse foods to lead an active life and reduce the risk of disease.
They further enumerate fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts,
seeds and whole grains, and foods that are low in fats (especially saturated
fats), sugar and salt, as the best healthy diets one lead.
They warn that leading an unhealthy diet is a risk factor
for deaths from non-communicable diseases including cardiovascular diseases,
diabetes and certain cancers, which has been linked to a fifth of death
Obesity and other forms of malnutrition, which result from
unhealthy diet, affect nearly one in three people.
Over 670 million adults and 120 million girls and boys (aged
between 5-19 years) are obese, and over 40 million children under 5 years are
overweight, while over 820 million people suffer from hunger.
Healthy diet provisions have been compromised by a number of
issues including climate change and human influence, killing the diversity of crucial
Today only nine plant species account for 66% of total crop
production despite the fact that throughout history, more than 6000 species
have been cultivated for food.
Zero rating hunger
FAO recommends dietary guidelines that can help in leading a
healthy diet and zero rate hunger, which will ensure you get enough nutrients
to fight chronic disease.
News 9 Kenya managed to dash through some of the guidelines,
which can help in achieving a healthy died and Zero hunger, and highlights them
nuts and legumes
These are the kind of food we can all achieve and enjoy to
have in our meals. Eating plenty of fresh, ripe and seasonal vegetables, fruits
daily and adding more legumes, nuts and whole grains to your diet is a booster
to achieving a healthy diet. Legumes and nuts provide plant-based protein.
Avoid take-away food from restaurants and supermarkets, industrially
processed foods and drinks high in saturated fats, sugar, and/or salt, and try
not to eat excessive amounts of meat and other animal-sourced products.
Eat brown food
Alternate from eating ‘white’ refined foods for their brown
and much more nutritious equivalents (brown rice, wholemeal flour and bread,
porridge), which can be more nutritious.
Avoid Saturated fats
These can be found in industrially-produced food products
like fatty meat and butter. Maintain using unsaturated fats found in fish,
nuts, and in sunflower, soybean, canola and olive oils.
To achieve a healthy died and zero rate on hunger, consider
the environmental impact of the foods we eat, including those that require more
natural resources such as water to produce them. Try also to avoid buying foods
that has excessive amounts of packaging.
FAO instructs that storing your food properly can help to
keep it fresh, safe and save precious nutrients. Use air-tight containers to
keep food fresh in the fridge and close packets to prevent them from spoiling.
According to United Nations Secretary General Antonio
Guterres, hunger rise in the world has been culminated by high wastage of food
resulting from poor storage.
“It is unacceptable that hunger is on the rise at a
time when the world wastes more than 1 billion tonnes of food every year. It is
time to change how we produce and consume,” said SG Gutterres during the
celebrations at the UN office, Geneva.